8.4 Theoretical implications for the IPP

Integrated Product Policy

From a conceptual analysis, such as the one performed in this book, conclusions are also fairly theoretical and primarily concern epistemological issues regarding economy-environment interactions. Several issues have emerged many times throughout this book and merit mention here once again. These include three principal observations:

  1. the economy is embedded in the larger ecosystem (first introduced in sub­section 3.3.1);
  2. human beings are not able fully to comprehend the interactions between these two systems (first introduced in subsection 3.4.1, in particular on page 73); and
  3. nature is driven by the three tele, the third of which is missing in the economy, which may be a reason for the overall lower efficiency of the latter (see section 4.3, in particular on page 95).

From these observations, the following implications arise.